Good Morning, we will conclude our exploration of the Stuarts with James II. James II was a Catholic king of a protestant nation which would prove to be a disaster. He was so staunch in his Catholicism, that it eroded his support amongst the people. How would the Winn family navigate the reign of this king?
King James II was Catholic for two decades. He had never expected to be King. He was the second son of King Charles I. He held the title of Duke of York. During the English Civil War, he snuck out of England dressed as a woman and into the Hague. Here he would spend the majority of his life. While Oliver Cromwell ruled England, James and his brother Charles would be in exile.
James would spend a lot of his exile in France. Here he would be exposed to the Catholic faith. He also was a soldier in the French army but when the French allied with the Commonwealth and Cromwell he moved to Spain and would become a soldier in the Spanish Army. He was so good he would be offered the rank of Admiral of the Spanish Navy.
However Cromwell, and so James declined the offer and returned to England with his brother the newly minted Charles II. He would become his brother’s closest advisor and would be the Admiral of the English Navy. Upon return to England, he and his wife Anne Hyde would become Catholics. He continued to attend Anglican services until he converted. When news broke he was going to Catholic masses forced him to come out as a Catholic. In 1671, Anne Hyde died and in 1673 he was going to marry Mary of Modena. It was also the year the Test Act was passed. This would have forced him to swear allegiance to the Anglican church. Eventually, it came out that he was Catholic and he resigned his commission as Admiral of the Navy.
Anti-Catholic sentiments rose in England and the focus turned to James. Charles II had no legitimate heirs and so James would have become King upon Charles’ death. There were plots to assassinate Charles II to put James on the throne. Charles II arranged the marriage of Mary, James’ daughter, to the Protestant William of Orange. However, this did not relieve any sentiments.
Parliament tried to pass a bill that would exclude James from becoming King and it was defeated. This caused whispers about assassinating both James and Charles. An attempt on James’ life would bring him a great deal of sympathy. This would pave the way for James II to be king. Immediately James would face a rebellion by his own nephew the Duke of Monmouth, Charles II’s illegitimate son. The Monmouth rebellion was crushed and then another rebellion rose up in Scotland.
This caused James II to keep a standing army and appointed Catholics to be the officers in this army. Protestant officers were fired from their jobs. Even if the officers were loyal to the King, they lost their jobs. Catholics dominated the court and a papal representative was welcomed to the court for the first time since Mary I. James II was overplaying his hand. He was behaving like an absolute monarch. His behavior was undermining his popular support. The people were comparing him to his late father King Charles I. Unlike his brother Charles II, James never learned the lessons of the English Civil War.
Things came to a head with the birth of son… What would happen to James II because of the birth of a son? Tune into the rest of the episode to find out.
Okay, this series finished on a strong note. I would show this episode to a history class.
Good morning, we are continuing our journey through the Stuart dynasty. This time, King Charles II comes back to reclaim his throne after the English Civil War and the death of Cromwell. King Charles II had spent years in exile and when he returned, he would bring back unity to the country. He brought back glamour to the country after the years of austerity under Cromwell. It was exciting for the people. Unfortunately, during the years of Cromwell, the Winns suffered. Would they bounce back in the new reign? Tune into this episode to find out.
Oliver Cromwell was the protector of England and ruler of the Commonwealth. He went on to work reforming England in light of his beliefs. The Royal Family was being hunted and then went into exile. Charles II suffered humiliating defeats and was in exile. Nobody wanted to tell him that his father was executed until one courtier came and called him “Your Majesty.”
The Winn family suffered under the reign of Oliver Cromwell. Sir Richard Winn died a few months after the death of Charles I. Sir Owen Winn was now the head of the family. He had to be careful under Cromwell. His estate could be seized at any moment by the Commonwealth. Would Sir Owen manage to navigate these choppy waters?
However, at the age of sixty, Oliver Cromwell died. He was succeeded by his son, Richard. This got people thinking. How was this succession be different from the succession of the king? A group of men in parliament came together to rise against Richard Cromwell. The rebellion was in the works and The Winn family was caught in the middle. Richard Winn was imprisoned as one of the leaders of the rebellion. It was a challenging time for the Winn family.
Across the English Channel, Charles II waited patiently. Even though the rebellion failed, the ideas continued to live on. A second rebellion was coming. This rebellion would succeed. General Monk took the side of the Stuarts. The army was gone and on the side of the king, Sir Richard Cromwell gave up his right to be Lord Protector. Charles II was invited back to be king.
Charles II promised Parliament he would accept anything they said. However, Parliament made no conditions for his return. Charles II arrived in England and the English celebrated his return. The Winn family was jubilant at the return of the King. He pardoned the people who took part in the English Civil War, except for nine people. Even after his death, Oliver Cromwell would be held accountable. He was hung and decapitated. Charles II’s hatred for the people who murdered his father would never end.
England would undergo a cultural rebirth under Charles II. Theaters were brought back. Celebrations were reinstated. The sciences flourished. Discoveries were made. There was a new spirit of optimism. Charles II had a political intelligence his father never had. He was willing to work with many people and wanted to see healing for the country. He was a man who would rather disappoint his friends than his enemies. He had the nickname “the Merry Monarch.” Would normal life return for the English? King Charles II’s reign would face many challenges: the Great Fire of London and the plague would return. How would Charles navigate these challenges?
Would the Winn family prosper again? Sir Owen Winn would die the year Charles II became king. Would his son Richard restore the family fortunes?
This was a fascinating episode on Charles II, some of the Winn family stuff was a little bit too much at times. Overall, it still was a good episode and would be something to show in a history class.
Good morning, we will continue with the Stuart Dynasty and will continue with King Charles I. King Charles was a king who disappointed everyone. He was a man who was not meant to be king, he had an older brother who died young. Sir Richard Winn was his best friend and accompanied him on a disastrous trip to Spain.
Nobody wanted him to marry a Catholic Princess. However, Prince Charles would end up marrying a Catholic Princess anyway: Henrietta Maria. Henrietta Maria had a job: she would bring England back to the Catholic faith. She was a zealously Catholic Queen and flaunted it. She refused to even take part in the coronation because of the Protestant connections. Both sides had strong religious biases. Someone would have needed to back down and the politicians would not be the ones. There were going to be conflicts in the future because of this.
Henrietta Maria and Charles both were devoted to the arts. Richard Winn would sign off on the art purchases and was Queen Henrietta Maria’s treasurer. Richard Winn would sign off on her purchases and would often pay for artworks himself using his funds from his estate. He prepared the King for when his portraits were painted. Charles brought art and culture to England. He collected Titian and enjoyed the works of the high Renaissance. Charles was an ordinary-looking man and needed art to show him as a grand man. Artists elevated King Charles I into a Christlike figure.
However, King Charles I, had the same challenges as his father. He butted heads with Parliament. This tension would lead to bloodshed in England. Only Parliament had the power to levy taxes. King Charles I needed to raise funds for war in Spain. However, the tenuous relationship with Parliament would attempt to put a stop to that. King Charles also relied on the Duke of Buckingham, his father’s former favorite. So, King Charles I, intervened in the 30 Years’ War and engaged in piracy. However, this was a disaster and the Duke of Buckingham was assassinated. This shocked the country.
King Charles continued to try to find ways around raising funds. He leaned onto the ship money. Ship money was raised in times of war. This time King Charles would extend that tax beyond wartime and would spread it inland. This would cause a divide between the brothers of the Winn family. The Stuarts never had enough money and would use anything to raise money for the Crown. However, this was a disaster for the Stuarts. It would lead to the belief that Charles I was an absolute monarch.
King Charles also came under attack for his religious sympathies. He was accused of harboring secret Catholic sympathies and a series of religious laws caused the Scots to rebel. Charles was eventually forced to recall Parliament. Parliament passed laws to prevent King Charles from ruling alone ever again. King Charles was unhappy with the changes in the law. However, tensions continued to rise, especially in Ireland. King Charles was a man who did not have tact. Charles’ wife was censored. It would only be a matter of time before the English Civil War would begin.
Charles Spencer’s participation in this documentary was fascinating and I would like to see him in future documentaries. I also liked how Henrietta Maria’s Catholicism was mentioned and how that had an impact on the start of the English Civil War.
This episode flowed a lot better, even though Kate does have a quick narration. This would be one episode I would show in the classroom. I hope that the next episode will be better.
Good morning! Today, I will introduce you to a new historian on this blog: Kate Williams. She is a historian that you have seen before in the documentaries I have reviewed. This time she is hosting her own documentary series called The Stuarts: A Bloody Reign. She tells the story of the Stuart Kings and the Winn family.
The Stuarts: A Bloody Reign is a series featuring the Stuarts. They took over England after the death of Queen Elizabeth I. Europe is torn apart by religious conflict and England is right at the center. The Stuart kings were James I, Charles I, Charles II, and James II. Kate Williams reassesses this dynasty in light of new evidence. She also explores a family who witnessed the rise and the fall of the Stuarts.
The first episode kicks off with James I. He gained the English throne through his mother’s claim. His mother was Mary, Queen of Scots and she was a descendant of King Henry VII. James VI of Scotland is invited to become King after Elizabeth I’s death. Kate looks beyond the Gunpowder Plot and examines what kind of King James was. When James I was declared King, he named Lord Howard to be in charge of his household. Lord Howard was an important man and James wanted someone loyal at his side.
As soon as James I arrived in London, things turn sour for him. The plague struck again. For some people, it was a sign of judgment. James had to find a balance between his new English kingdom and his old obligations to Scotland. James was raised as a protestant. However, the English did not want a Scottish king. The Scots did not want their king to leave Scotland. Immediately he was facing usurpers and the Gun Powder Plot was just another plot against the new king. King James had a tough challenge ahead to unify the country. England was still divided between Catholics and Protestants. Would England and Scotland want to be unified in the first place?
Kate tells the story of the Winn family and how the rise of the Stuarts changed their lives. John Winn, a supporter of James was warned about going to London. He had a tip that something was going to happen in London against the King. The King had bestowed this family a great favor: he made the family baronets. The Winn family was a prominent family in North Wales. However, his family’s rise made people jealous. So how would the Winn family continue to navigate the relationship with the Stuart kings?
How would James I navigate his new kingdom? Would he find the balance between England and Scotland? Would his vision of kingship come into conflict with the English version of kingship? Tune into this documentary to find out more about James I.
Some of the narration of the story was jarring and stilted. It took a lot to get used to. Kate’s style worked in previous documentaries, but she was a participant and not a narrator in those documentaries. She should have slowed herself down in this episode. The documentary also came off as being out of order and if it could have been arranged differently it could have flowed better. It was cool to get a blip about Arabella Stuart. Overall it was a challenge to write this review on the Stuart Kings.
Would I show this first episode to a classroom? This would be one documentary I would pass on. It is too fast-paced, too disorganized, and bounced around too many times. In this first episode, I would prefer to use this for research purposes only. Will this series get better with the next episode? I hope so!
Frank Lloyd Wright was the greatest architect in America. He redefined architecture and became famous in the world all over. However, his genius is oftentimes buried under the scandals of his life. Jonathan Adams, an architect from Wales is going to travel around America to discover more about Frank Lloyd Wright. He wants to know the man and wishes to put him back in his place. What will Jonathan discover about Frank Lloyd Wright? Tune into this episode to find out more.
Wright’s life was often tempestuous. He had a mistress. He was often on the brink of financial ruin. However, his ideas that architecture should be a part of the landscape and not separate from it. Jonathan Adams kicks off this episode starting with his family. Frank Lloyd Wright’s family came from Wales. He was proud of his Welsh roots. They were practicing Unitarians. Eventually, the family moved to America because they were searching for religious freedom. They sought a place that reminded them of Wales and they settled in Spring Green, Wisconsin.
Frank Lloyd Wright would be born in Spring Green in a place that was called the Valley. The Wrights clung to their Welsh roots and wanted to be Welsh in America. The Valley shaped his values. It was paradise for a young boy. He studied engineering in college and left the Valley to seek an apprenticeship. He arrived in Chicago and found a job. He workedwith the city’s leading architect. He met Kitty Tobin and within two years they married and had a child.
Wright borrowed money from his boss to build a house in Oak Park. He would build a house for himself and his family. It was a strange house set in the neighborhood. The house was bathed in light and the rooms flowed together. Wright developed an open plan before it was an open plan. His house attracted the people and commissions flowed in. He designed and built houses but was waiting for his big commission. That big commission would come in the form of designing a new Unitarian Church.
The design shocked the people. He created a building out of concrete and was the first modern building. The outside was plain and its plainness is deceptive. Inside hides a beautiful space full of light and openness. At the time the people were not impressed with the design and prayed for ivy to grow on the walls. However, with this building, Frank Lloyd Wright would be well on his way to becoming a well-known architect. He started designing houses and his designs had become more daring.
His fame grew far and wide and his design became known as “prairie houses.” He designed the Robie House. He even made the entrance of the house dramatic. The house was bathed in light and destroyed the conventional box tradition of houses. He even designed furniture to go with the house. Frank Lloyd Wright was a man riding high, but he was a man chaffing against conventional life.
He started an affair with the wife of a client. The pair fled to Europe to avoid scandal. Eventually, they came back to the United States and settled at Taliesin. However, tragedy would strike the couple and to learn more about this tragedy continue to watch the rest of this episode. What else will Jonathan Adams learn about Frank Lloyd Wright?
This is an excellent documentary on Frank Lloyd Wright. Jonathan Adams is an excellent narrator to the story of Frank Lloyd Wright. This would be an excellent documentary to show for a home design class as well as a history class.
Now for something completely different: The Hidden World of the Ottoman Imperial Harem. This is a longer documentary to be shown in the classroom.
The Ottoman Imperial Harem brings together a variety of historians to talk about the controversies of the Ottoman Harem. It is a system steeped in mystery and misunderstanding. The harem was closed off to the world. Who were the people that made up? Was it a place of hard partying? Or was it a place where great learning took place? This documentary brings in a prince who lived in the harem all his life. He was one of the last people to have lived in the harem.
During the time of the harem, it was forbidden to write about it. This is part of why the harem is shrouded in mystery. However, this mystery gave rise to some fantastical stories about the harem. Ambassadors wrote about the decadence in the harem and how the harem was organized. In 1520 a newcomer entered the harem, her name was Alexandra. She was the daughter of a priest and sold to the harem. She would have become known as Hurrem.
Prince Osman talks about the harem and growing up in the harem. He believes that it would have been a lonely lifestyle. He was surprised to learn that once he got out of the harem other people thought it was an extraordinary life.
Once inside the Harem, they were examined and taken directly to the bathhouse. They were taught how to wash and cleaned according to traditions. They needed to be healthy because they were expected to produce healthy sons. The concubines were slaves and had no rights over their children. They were also expected to take classes every day. Outside ambassadors wrote that a selected girl would be given a handkerchief as a token. They were looked after by eunuchs and the eunuchs were Africans because if the girls would get pregnant it would be obvious as to who was the father of the child. Older women also looked after the younger girls. Many concubines never got the chance to sleep with the Sultan.
The system was flipped on its head when Hurrem started sharing Suleyman’s bed. She had one son after another. Normally once a woman had a son, she would be kicked out of bed and a new favorite was chosen. Hurrem and Suleyman changed the rules, concubines were married to the sultan’s advisors and Hurrem became the number one woman in his life. Only one of them could be a sultan and the survivors would be killed because, under the law, inheritance went to only one son, it could not be divided. It was a winner takes all environment. The boys were murdered when their brother became sultan. Prince Osman talks about how in the old days he would have been strangled and then buried in a great ceremony. The system continued to be changed when Suleyman married Hurrem and she was the first Queen the Ottomans had. Sultans never married their concubines. Hurrem was freed and then the Suleyman was able to marry her.
Hurrem was given apartments next to her husband and had a great deal of influence. While Suleyman was on campaign, he and Hurrem exchanged many letters. She was worried about her sons and what would happen to them once their half-brother took the throne. Slowly she started to turn Suleyman against his chosen heir and his grand vizier. Like the women before her, Hurrem would have to fight to make sure one of her sons made it to the throne.
To continue to learn more about the harem watch this documentary.
This documentary is an interesting look at the harem system. It could be something that you can show in a history classroom, only if you had time for it.
The Inca ruled South America for years. They were the people of the sun. They built grand cities. Eventually, they would be destroyed by the Spanish in their quest for gold. David Adams is on a search for a lost city of gold. These were cities that were never sacked by the Spanish. Perhaps hidden in these jungles is the legendary “Great Sun Disk of the Incas.” Will David Adams find this lost city, tune into this episode to find out.
After the Spanish invaded, the Incas retreated to the jungle and found refuge in its tree. David Adams’ first tip leads him to meet Gary Ziegler, an archeologist. Gary talks about finding major Incan roads and these roads always lead to somewhere. Perhaps following these roads will lead to a lost city. David will start in Cusco, the ancient Incan capital. Here he takes part in the ancient Incan celebration of the Sun. Gary heads up into the mountains. David wants to learn more about the Incan Empire.
The Sun was the Incan Supreme god and they built their temples to the sun. David goes to the Temple of Gold. The gold is gone now but the walls were covered with gold and there were figures that were in the temple. The first Spanish explorers stripped the temple of the gold, leaving behind the sun disk. That too eventually vanished before the Spanish could return. Where did it go? Where was it hidden?
After taking in the sites of the Incan festival and learning more about the Incan people, David heads up into the mountains. He will follow a trail over 500 years old and into the lost realm of the Incas.
From the start, the Incas believed that they were the children of the sun. They were born on an island in the middle of Lake Titicaca. Soon they would move from the island and into the mountains, where they would build an empire. They ruled the largest empire since the Romans and they built a network of roads. These roads ran north and south and went across the South American Continent. David threads his way through the sacred valley and into another town. It was in this valley where corn and potatoes were grown. Corn and potatoes were a staple of the Incan Empire.
David continues to make his way up to the mountains and learns more about the Incan culture along the way. The trip into the mountains is exhausting. However, as the trip moves forward, water is discovered and where there is water there are Incan ruins. An earlier explorer found a watercourse and it leads to some Incan remains. This site was important to the Incan people because one of the Incan rulers re-established an Incan capital. It is here that David’s guides put together an oven and cook a meal. The Incans were masons who had no competition. Do the people of the mountains still consider themselves Incan? The answer is yes.
David’s journey continues into the mountains to meet up with Gary Ziegler. While the porters look for Gary’s camp, David explores the area. The Incas had destroyed some of the roads to stop the Spanish from coming and taking their holy places. However, even with the roads destroyed, it would have been a challenge for the Spanish to make their way up to the mountains with their heavy armor and horses. How did the Incas manage to build their cities in the clouds? What were their motivations? Continue to watch this episode to find out.
This would be a good documentary to show for a high school and middle school history class.
This documentary was originally published as Secrets of the Dead on PBS and was republished on the Absolute History channel. The run time for this documentary is 49:14.
When Christopher Columbus arrived in the Americas in 1492, he brought back diseases that wiped out the native population. In revenge, the legend goes, they sent back syphilis. However, a skeleton in Hull may show that the story is not true. An archeological group surveyed the site for a court. What was found may have been the remains of a medieval church. Many skeletons and artifacts were recovered. However, it was one skeleton that puzzled archeologists. This particular skeleton would rewrite history.
The church had a complete floor plan and the burials were well preserved. As the bones came out, one skeleton, in particular, showed signs of disease. This particular skeleton was sent on for further examination and the exam discovered signs of syphilis. Normally skeletons do not provide insight into the disease that they died from. However, syphilis leaves telltale traces. The skull had pockmarks on it as well as a hole in the mouth, some signs of syphilis. Even the leg bones show traces of legions and bone rebuilding. Two more skeletons on the site revealed syphilis. Other skeletons showed signs as well.
This was a religious community? Why so many signs of syphilis? What sort of religious community was it? Why were these burials found inside the church wall? The Augustinian monks established their community. They were the social services of the day and they cared for the sick. They begged for a living. The monks living in this community would have been celibate. The skeletons found in Hull showed signs of a sexually transmitted disease.
The rich would have left the community money for funeral services. It would have been a system open to corruption by unscrupulous monks looking to bulk up their funds. The Augustinians were not isolated from the Hull community. They were housed between the port and the houses of the wealthy. Perhaps there was some carousing going on in the community. If these monks were corrupt, the evidence is scant. Why was there syphilis found in the walls?
A map was commissioned of the site, this map showed the layout of the church as well as where the skeletons were found. Close to the altar, was closer to God. These plots were reserved for the monks themselves as well as the rich who could pay for the privilege. This particular skeleton was found near the altar: was he a monk or a noble? So, when did this man die?
Evidence would provide a shocking answer and would send shock-waves through the historical community. Syphilis would go down as being brought over by Columbus and spread throughout Europe. Was this the case? The Hull site would reveal those answers as there were several coffin planks removed from the site. What would these coffin planks reveal? What would the artifacts on the site continue to reveal with the site? Can historians reconcile the story of syphilis to the evidence?
So, what is the real story of syphilis? The story that the First Nations gave Columbus and his crew syphilis began with eyewitness accounts from 1495. One man wrote about the disease sweeping through the port of Venice and he talks about the stages of the disease. This was the first account of syphilis ever written. The Europeans would have thought God was punishing them for their immorality. Nobody wanted to accept responsibility for unleashing this disease on the world. It was a Portuguese doctor that made the connection to Columbus and his travels in the Americas. The evidence does suggest that syphilis ran through America. How could this one skeleton overturn 500 years of history? Tune into the rest of this documentary to find out.
This was an older documentary; however, it is a good demonstration of the History meets Science perspective. You can see the scientific method; such as the hypothesis, documenting evidence, and conclusion demonstrated through this story. There was also a great deal of debate over the evidence and what additional evidence was needed. As a result, I would show this documentary to a high school science and high school history class.
Good morning, we are going to explore the life of Princess Alice, the mother of Prince Philip. I know when I started this blog I could potentially overdo the Royal documentaries because I am a royal watcher so I was trying to avoid too many royal documentaries. However, Princess Alice’s story is so fascinating that I thought I should share it. The Queen Mother’s story is very well documented, but not so much is known about the other Queen Mother: Princess Alice. This documentary finally gives this lady her due. The run time is 47:34.
Princess Alice was the mother of Prince Philip and the mother-in-law of Queen Elizabeth II. She was the granddaughter of Queen Victoria and was born Princess Alice. Her story begins when she is escaping an asylum. She is caught. Her family had locked her in the asylum. She was born a princess but turned her back on royal life. She had a strong personality. She overcame her mental illness and disability to become a hero of World War II.
Princess Alice was born in Windsor Castle and was raised as an English Princess. She was born deaf and her mother demonstrated tough love by instructing people never to repeat themselves. By the age of eighteen, she could lip-read in several languages. At the coronation of her uncle King Edward, she met the love of her life: Prince Andrew of Greece. They were married in 1903 and they set up a home in Greece.
Here four daughters would be born and she won over the Greek public. However, this life did not last. War broke out between the Greeks and the Turks. Alice left her children and organized battlefield hospitals. She worked on the frontlines of the battles. Wounded soldiers may have found themselves cared for by the princess. Then World War I started and there was more bloodshed. After the war, the Greeks overthrew the monarchy. Prince Andrew was put on trial and Princess Alice had just given birth to a fifth child: Prince Philip. He was born on a kitchen table. Eventually, the family would flee Greece and would sail into exile.
Life in exile would begin for Princess Alice and her family in France. They had lost much of their fortune and had to rely on the charity of others. Prince Philip recalled that they were a very happy family. However, there was strain behind the scenes. The pressures of exile were getting to both Prince Andrew and Princess Alice. Living off of rich relatives deeply hurt Prince Andrew and he was hurt to be cut off from Greece. Princess Alice was isolated and vulnerable. Dark thoughts started to prey and Alice decided to convert to the Greek Orthodox Church.
Princess Alice was becoming religious and preoccupied with the spiritual world. However, the language she used to describe her relationship with Jesus Christ was in graphic terms. She was hearing voices and also have relationships with other religious figures. Her family would eventually commit her to a sanitarium. She would be leaving behind her son Prince Philip when she was hospitalized. Even Sigmund Freud became involved in Princess Alice’s case.
Princess Alice would eventually discharge herself from the hospital and declared herself well. Her mother, Princess Victoria disagreed and had her committed again to the asylum. Princess Victoria took Prince Philip off for a picnic and Princess Alice was bundled into a car and taken away. She was committed to the Bellville Sanitorium in Switzerland. She was now a prisoner. It was all hushed up in the family. For two and half years Princess Alice was detained. She protested against the imprisonment.
Prince Andrew would abandon his wife. He renounced responsibility for his wife and moved to the south of France. The marriage was effectively over. Her four daughters would marry German princes while incarcerated. The hardest separation was from Prince Philip. Would Princes Alice ever see her son again? Would she manage to get out of the Asylum? Tune into the rest of this episode to find out.
This would be a good documentary to start research on the Royal Family and not necessarily to be shown in class. If you have a student working on a biography on Prince Philip then I would point them in this direction.
Good morning, we are going to look into the history of King George III. He goes down in history as the Mad King. However, a digitization project is shedding light on this monarch. The run time for this documentary is 59:17. This was a documentary originally produced for Time Watch.
It is 1809 and the King was going to celebrate his Golden Jubilee. After these events, he would disappear from public life. He was the king that was known as the Mad King. However, he was the longest king that reigned in British History. He was the king that was the last king of America. He was the first king of Australia. He oversaw the Industrial Revolution. His reign marked a period of change in the world. While this change was happening, he was writing and documenting what was going on. What will these writings reveal about the man?
George III was halfway through his reign when his first bout of madness happened. He was out of commission for four months and when he came out of it, he wrote a letter to his wife. He told her he would avoid the discussions agitating him in the first place. This letter is just one piece in a collection of documents belonging to George III. These documents are kept in Windsor Castle and are only allowed to be accessed by a select group of people. That is going to change. A project targeting these documents is taking shape. Hundreds of thousands of documents from the reign of King George III are going to be digitized and accessible to the public. The website for this collection is https://www.rct.uk/collection/georgian-papers-programme.
A group of historians is coming together to examine the documents for the first time before the digitization project gets underway. Scholars from both Britain and America will be able to look at these papers. The Queen has decided that the archives will be available to the public. This collection will be uploaded to an online database. This collection covers the King, the Queen, and the children.
King George III succeeded his grandfather King George II to become King of Great Britain and Hannover. His father had died but had left instructions on how to be a good king. King George took advice on kingship from his late father. King George was also a man who was consciously English. His first language was English. The Union Jack was created under his watch. The Gold State Coach was created under his reign and it continued to be used in coronations for the British Monarchs. He even arranged his marriage to Princess Charlotte and he was a man devoted to her.
King George was a frugal man but would dress in ceremonial garbs for his portraits. He preferred wearing comfortable close to the robes of the state. King George was a man who understood the public image of the king. He was curious and wanted to satisfy his curiosity. The newspapers at the time made fun of his curiosity. He was well-read in government affairs and even worked his back channels to gain information. He was a king well engaged in government.
He was a devoted father to his children and detailed the care. No other monarch had given such care to raising the royal children. Queen Charlotte was equally devoted to the care of the children. The governesses were given two days off and were encouraged to think of the children as their own. King George recorded his children’s heights in a journal. What else do these documents reveal about King George III? Tune into the rest of this episode to find out more.
This was one documentary I had always meant to do a review on. Yes, I have it listed as a suggested documentary because I had created a web assignment for the King George III Papers. However, I did not do a proper review at the time. This time I moved it to the top of the list of documentaries to do. I found this documentary insightful about the life of King George III. It also presented a new perspective on the Mad Monarch. George III: The Genius of the Mad King would be an excellent documentary to show in both a World History and an American History class.
I'm a librarian with an active imagination who likes to create. Genealogist and Researcher.
My Teachers Pay Teachers Store! Worksheets available as a Word Document.
I am also on Lulu! If you're interested in genealogy I have several books available!
HistoryDocTube will not collect any personal information and will not sell any personal information to a third party. We will not request any personal information.
The purpose of this blog is to share information on what can be used in a classroom, private school, or home school setting as well as serve as a portfolio of my personal and professional work.
The reviews are my opinions and should be treated as such. I just want to provide a tool for teachers to select documentaries for their classrooms.